The insurgency in southern Afghanistan is intensifying, spreading west and eastwards. In eastern Afghanistan, large portions of territory are already under the control of the insurgents, who are penetrating deeper into Afghan towards Kabul, where propaganda teams of Taleban have already been sighted. Is Afghanistan sliding towards a new jihad? Can the Taleban in turn eject the Americans and their allies? Dr Antonio Giustozzi, who is a research fellow at LSE, is an expert on insurgency and statecraft, and has wide experience of Afghanistan. He is the author of the internationally acclaimed book ‘War, Politics and Society in Afghanistan 1978 – 1992, published by Georgetown University Press in 2003.